Cultural Center of Balkans


The Republic of Serbia is located on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. The climate is continental. It was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 1991, when Croatia and Slovenia declared independence. For a while it was in alliance with Montenegro, but later they separated and became independent. Serbia borders with Hungary in the north; with Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west; with Montenegro, Albania and Macedonia in the south; with Bulgaria and Romania in the east. The economy is slowly recovering from sanctions and NATO bombing in 1999. Constant stumbling point to getting closer to the European Union is unresolved political situation. The population is mostly engaged in agriculture. Vojvodina is one of the most fertile plains of Europe, and there is developed fruit growing - its main export item is raspberries. It is, also, developed mountain tourism. The perspective in the development of rural and spa tourism is becoming obvious lately.

AREA: 88.361 km²

POPULATION: Approximately 7.2 million



THE LONGEST RIVER: Danube, Western and Southern Morava, Ibar, Drina, Sava

THE LARGEST CITIES: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac


STATE SYSTEM: multiparty republic with a unicameral parliament

THE ETHNIC COMPOSITION: Serbs (82.86%), Hungarians (3.91%), Bosniaks (1.82%), other (11.41%)

CURRENCY: dinar = 100 para

IMPORTANT SOURCES OF INCOME: oil, coal, chrome, leather, agricultural products, wood, copper